How to Prevent Kidney Stones??
You may have heard the old line about kidney stones: These, too, shall pass. The better idea is to not get them at all. And that’s not as hard as it may seem.
With the right foods, plenty of water and proper medication, you can lower your chances of kidney stones. Most small kidney stones won’t require invasive treatment.
The best way of preventing kidney stones is to make sure you drink plenty of water each day to avoid becoming dehydrated. Keeping your urine diluted helps to stop waste products getting too concentrated and forming stones.
Prevent kidney stone :
Stay hydrated :
Try to drink around eight glasses of fluids daily, or enough to pass two liters of urine. If you exercise or sweat a lot, or if you have a history of cystine stones, you’ll need additional fluids. Drinking more water is the best way to prevent kidney stones. If you don’t drink enough, your urine output will be low. Low urine output means your urine is more concentrated and less likely to dissolve urine salts that cause stones.
You can tell whether you’re hydrated by looking at the color of your urine it should be clear or pale yellow. If it’s dark, you need to drink more.
Get the calcium you need :
Most likely due to its name and composition, many are under the impression that calcium is the main culprit in calcium-oxalate stones. “I still see patients who wonder why they are getting recurring stones despite cutting down on their calcium intake.” Said by some big man.
Men 50 and older should get 1,000 milligrams (mg) of calcium per day, along with 800 to 1,000 international units (IU) of vitamin D to help the body absorb the calcium.
Eat less sodium :
A high-sodium diet can trigger kidney stones because it increases the amount of calcium in your urine. So a low-sodium diet is recommended for the stone prone. Current guidelines suggest limiting total daily sodium intake to 2,300 mg.
A high-salt diet increases your risk of calcium kidney stones. According to the Urology Care Foundation, too much salt in the urine prevents calcium from being reabsorbed from the urine to the blood. This causes high urine calcium, which may lead to kidney stones.
Eating less salt helps keep urine calcium levels lower. The lower the urine calcium, the lower the risk of developing kidney stones.
Less animal protein :
Eating too much animal protein, such as red meat, poultry, eggs, and seafood, boosts the level of uric acid and could lead to kidney stones. Foods high in animal protein are acidic and may increase urine acid. High urine acid may cause both uric acid and calcium oxalate kidney stones.
If you’re prone to stones, limit your daily meat intake to a quantity that is no bigger than a pack of playing cards. This is also a heart-healthy portion.
Eat less oxalate-rich foods :
Some kidney stones are made of oxalate, a natural compound found in foods that binds with calcium in the urine to form kidney stones. Limiting oxalate-rich foods may help prevent the stones from forming.
Oxalate and calcium bind together in the digestive tract before reaching the kidneys, so it’s harder for stones to form if you eat high-oxalate foods and calcium-rich foods at the same time.
Avoid vitamin “C” :
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) supplementation may cause kidney stones, especially in men. According to one 2013 study, men who took high doses of vitamin C supplements doubled their risk of forming a kidney stone. Researchers don’t believe vitamin C from food carries the same risk.
In extra, taking certain prescriptions or over-the-counter medications can result in kidney stones.
Some of the medications are decongestants, diuretics, protease inhibitors, anticonvulsants, steroids, uricosuric drugs, chemotherapy drugs, etc..